RESISTENCIA A INSECTICIDAS EN INSECTOS VECTORES DE ENFERMEDADES CON ÉNFASIS EN MOSQUITOS

Adriana E. Flores, Mohammad H. Badii, Gustavo Ponce G.

Resumen


Los insecticidas juegan un papel central en el control de
vectores de enfermedades tales como mosquitos,
moscas, pulgas, piojos, chinches, etc. En 1955 la OMS
propuso la erradicación global de una de las
enfermedades más prevalecientes transmitidas por
vectores, la malaria, con el uso de rociados residuales
intradomiciliares de DDT. Sin embargo la euforia por los
insecticidas terminó pronto y en 1976 la OMS revirtió su
concepto de erradicación a control de la malaria. Los
cambios en la política se debieron a la aparición de la
resistencia al DDT en un gran número de mosquitos vectores. En 1975 la OMS reportó que una
población de 256 millones de personas vivían en áreas donde la resistencia a DDT y/o los BHC
(Bifenil Poli Clorinados) mermaron los esfuerzos para el control de la malaria. (Esto no incluyó a la
región de Africa, en donde ocurren el 90% de los casos de Malaria y donde ya se había registrado
resistencia de Anopheles gambiae al DDT, el principal vector de malaria.

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Referencias


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    Copyright (c) 2001 Adriana E. Flores, Mohammad H. Badii, Gustavo Ponce G.

    Licencia de Creative Commons
    Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.

    RESPYN, Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición, es una revista electrónica, con periodicidad trimestral, editada y publicada por la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León a través de la Facultad de Salud Pública y Nutrición. Domicilio de la Publicación: Aguirre Pequeño y Yuriria, Col. Mitras Centro, Monterrey, N.L., México CP 64460. Teléfono: (81) 13 40 48 90 y 8348 60 80 (en fax). E-mail: respyn.faspyn@uanl.mx , URL: http://www.respyn.uanl.mx/. Editor Responsable: Dr. en CS. Esteban Gilberto Ramos Peña. Reserva de derechos al uso exclusivo No. 04-2014-102111594800-203, de fecha 21 de octubre de 2016. ISSN 1870 - 0160. Ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Registro de marca ante el Instituto Mexicano de la Propiedad Industrial: No. 1,183,059. Responsable de la última actualización de este número Dr. Esteban Gilberto Ramos Peña, Cd. Universitaria, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., México.