MECANISMOS DE ADHESIÓN AL TRACTO INTESTINAL Y ANTAGONISMO DE Bifidobacterium

Caludia Iñiguez-Palomares, Evelia Acedo-Félix

Resumen


El género Bifidobacterium está integrado por bacilos Gram positivos que forman parte de la microflora normal del tracto intestinal de mamíferos. Como probiótico, uno de los beneficios que ofrecen estas bacterias, es inhibir la adhesión de patógenos en el intestino, tanto en humanos como en animales. Sin embargo, el mecanismo no está bien establecido. Las bacterias patógenas poseen proteínas de superficie tipo lectina, llamadas adhesinas, con las que reconocen carbohidratos (receptores) en la mucosa y/o epitelio. Dentro de ese reconocimiento también están involucradas interacciones de tipo hidrofílico e hidrofóbico. Mediante este mecanismo se adhieren y colonizan el tracto intestinal. En los microorganismos probióticos, la presencia de adhesinas, su papel en la colonización y desplazamiento de bacterias patógenas en el intestino empieza a investigarse.


Palabras clave: Bifidobacterium, probiotico, tracto intestinal

Bifidobacterium, probiotic, intestinal tract


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Referencias


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    RESPYN, Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición, es una revista electrónica, con periodicidad trimestral, editada y publicada por la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León a través de la Facultad de Salud Pública y Nutrición. Domicilio de la Publicación: Aguirre Pequeño y Yuriria, Col. Mitras Centro, Monterrey, N.L., México CP 64460. Teléfono: (81) 13 40 48 90 y 8348 60 80 (en fax). E-mail: respyn.faspyn@uanl.mx , URL: http://www.respyn.uanl.mx/. Editor Responsable: Dr. en CS. Esteban Gilberto Ramos Peña. Reserva de derechos al uso exclusivo No. 04-2014-102111594800-203, de fecha 21 de octubre de 2016. ISSN 1870 - 0160. Ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Registro de marca ante el Instituto Mexicano de la Propiedad Industrial: No. 1,183,059. Responsable de la última actualización de este número Dr. Esteban Gilberto Ramos Peña, Cd. Universitaria, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., México.