• Adriana E. Flores
  • Mohammad H. Badii
  • Gustavo Ponce G.


Los insecticidas juegan un papel central en el control de
vectores de enfermedades tales como mosquitos,
moscas, pulgas, piojos, chinches, etc. En 1955 la OMS
propuso la erradicación global de una de las
enfermedades más prevalecientes transmitidas por
vectores, la malaria, con el uso de rociados residuales
intradomiciliares de DDT. Sin embargo la euforia por los
insecticidas terminó pronto y en 1976 la OMS revirtió su
concepto de erradicación a control de la malaria. Los
cambios en la política se debieron a la aparición de la
resistencia al DDT en un gran número de mosquitos vectores. En 1975 la OMS reportó que una
población de 256 millones de personas vivían en áreas donde la resistencia a DDT y/o los BHC
(Bifenil Poli Clorinados) mermaron los esfuerzos para el control de la malaria. (Esto no incluyó a la
región de Africa, en donde ocurren el 90% de los casos de Malaria y donde ya se había registrado
resistencia de Anopheles gambiae al DDT, el principal vector de malaria.


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Cómo citar

E. Flores, A., Badii, M. H., & Ponce G., G. (2001). RESISTENCIA A INSECTICIDAS EN INSECTOS VECTORES DE ENFERMEDADES CON ÉNFASIS EN MOSQUITOS. RESPYN Revista Salud Pública Y Nutrición, 2(4). Recuperado a partir de



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